Using the triangular bargaining dynamic

Ford Motor Company was founded by Henry Ford in 1903 and from there has emerged as America’s leading car maker. Ford also makes many other automobiles including trucks. The Subsidiaries of the company also operate in auto financing, thus having two sectors, Automotive and Financial Services. The Automotive segment refers to the operations of Ford at North America, and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and the administration of Volvo. The Financial services are under the banner of the ‘Ford Motor Credit Company and Other Financial Services.’ (“Ford Motor Company NYSE; Cyclical Consumer Goods & Services/Auto & Truck Manufacturers,” 2011) Some of the success that the company achieves now is rooted to its basic creation and maintenance of the best known production method and constantly updating the method. The famous Ford Assembly line stands the company in good stead although there have been a lot of labor and competitive issues with the method. It has been adopted by all automotive manufacturers at large.

Assembly Line

Mass production’ is a method that was developed by the company and the method has basically remained unchanged over the decade, while “Ford’s original industrial gradually evolved into a set of organizational canons” for the entire automobile industry. (Freyssenet; Mair; Shimizu; Volpato, 1998) Other industries also adapted the Ford industrial model. The model has been proved to be the most successful one because of its large use in the Second World War. During the war, mass production and assembly that Ford created made the company able to produce over a million plane parts and during the war Ford was turning out 540 planes a month, one being assembled every hour. Other things the company produced during the war included military trucks, Bren gun carriers, V-12 engines for airplanes and accessories. Further it can be seen that “From 1942 to 1945, Ford Motor Company concentrated on the B-24 Liberator bomber. By the war’s end, Ford Motor Company had built more than 8,600 B-24s. Henry’s son, Edsel Ford, and Charles Sorensen, head of production for Ford Motor Company, headed the project. At its peak, the Willow Run facility was staffed by nearly 50,000 workers.” (Ford Motor Company, 2011b)

One of the chief elements that was thought to be behind the success of Ford is the Assembly line but the situation having changed from the last century, today the Ford multinational has the new power in its bargaining dynamics that always outmaneuvers its rival General Motors’s is by using the triangular bargaining dynamic. Of late Ford’s international operations has become the source of the company’s competitive strategy. However the basis of the competitiveness still remains the assembly line or mass production. Ford is efficiently producing automobiles based on the mass production method it invented a century ago. (Studer-Noguez, 2002)

But there was also problems, and these related to labor and the labor problems were chaotic the one saving factor was that the factory managers and engineers, were quick to find the human problems that came with the assembly plants and solve it just as they would the technical problems but in the middle of the last era the paternalism failed. The control of workers which was the key part to the automation process was not achieved and there were over the years a lot of experiments with the Ford labor policies. For example, when the huge demand for the car – Model T. Ford came about the industrial practice was changed to the system of mass production. This lost the craft traditions, independent work groups, and trade union apprenticeship systems; all had been dismantled and were lost. Likewise the administrative controls were also experimented with and the gradual culture built over the years on this system is still the heritage and core of Ford Motors. (Meyer, 1981)

The company has also been very quick to learn from rivals and adapt to the production methods the beneficial methods of the rivals. Thus the unique methods of production of the Japanese car maker Toyota and the Toyota way are not lost on Ford. Some modern methods that Ford has incorporated and often taken from other rivals include lean production methods that have been studied from Japanese car makers. Thus changes were made to the assembly plants even using Kaisen. (Klier; Rubenstein, 2008) Therefore the processes of management at Ford are evolving and ever youthful. Through the years the company has withered many storms and has many achievements to its credit.

Ford through the Years

The greater competition in the U.S. And the global market also came from outside, from Japan — Toyota and now Honda. Earlier the U.S. big companies- Ford, GM and American Motors failed to compete effectively with Toyota. The arrival of the overseas competitors was a challenge to not only Ford but to all other companies. The challenge as noted above was not only to the production processes but also to the competitiveness and market share. All the U.S. companies imitated and incorporated the Japanese practices that have produced better results and this is still the norm in the industry. However the reserves of the knowledge of Ford through the years are an experience that has possible problem-solutions which cannot be underestimated. (Freyssenet; Mair; Shimizu; Volpato, 1998) The company that is over a century old continued with the management policies and modified the same when need arose. For example during and after the 1973 oil shock Ford had to change its competitive strategies. One was the problem of rampant inflation, balance of payments problems and poor sale of vehicles, and some regulations in the United States created hurdles in the way of Ford’s choices. (Studer-Noguez, 2002)

Therefore there came the need to go multinational and there were more competitive advantages that could be found in foreign operations, at Europe and Canada, which would offset the problem at the American market. It is thus that Ford ventured out and was partly successful. That the company is able to make its presence felt in all countries is ample proof of the fact. The current scenario shows an international company that shows signs of beating Toyota at the market.

The Present

In 2010 it surpassed Toyota to become the second market leader. Its growth for 2010 was fifteen percent and from the time the company made changes from 1993 after which the Fusion – a Ford sedan made a record by selling two hundred thousand units ever since 2004 after its launch. It over took General Motors in 2010 and this is the current greatest achievement. The truth is that Ford’s current strength stems from the capital funding it got back in 2006 to the tune of $23.6 billion, which surplus funds made the company able to move and innovate faster than the rivals General Motors and thus bring about more fuel-efficient vehicles and immunities from the fortunes of the declining car market that tanked in 2008. (“Ford Motor Company NYSE; Cyclical Consumer Goods & Services/Auto & Truck Manufacturers,” 2011)

Ford was able to get over the depression on account of that and the shift in strategy to focus on its core brands while selling of its luxury brand like Jaguar and Land Rover to the Tata Group of India for $2.3 billion in 2009 made the company financially stable during the depression. By selling off some of the units, like in March 2011, the Company announced the sale of the Norfolk Assembly Plant property to Atlanta-based Jacoby Development, Inc. The company stabilized its home factories. The company in March 2010 sold its Volvo subsidiary to a Chinese conglomerate. The company earned $6.6 billion in 2010, with the possibility of a lengthy turn around. (“Ford Motor Company NYSE; Cyclical Consumer Goods & Services/Auto & Truck Manufacturers,” 2011)

Now in keeping with the times Ford is going green. The new electrified like C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid and Fusion Hybrid Ford will debut in China and this is to ensure top fuel efficiency and Ford now has an aggressive electrified vehicle plan for China and this will be shown at the Hybrid at Auto Shanghai 2011 and like wise the “The zero-emissions, fuel-free Focus Electric is Ford’s first all-electric passenger car while the C-MAX Energi leverages Ford’s innovative power split architecture. The Fusion Hybrid combines the best attributes of the petrol engine and electric battery-driven motors.” (Ford Motor Company, 2011a) Of late the Fusion Hybrid won the 2010 MOTOR TREND Car of the Year award. (Ford Motor Company, 2011a)


The Ford Motor Company has come a very long way from 1903 and is not only a car and vehicle maker but also is into the Financial services. What has stood the test of time and given the company the solidity that made it thrive during the depression is the Ford Assembly line and mass production along with the absorption by the company of rival industrial models when found suitable and incorporating it to its own working process. Ford’s international operations have become the source of the company’s competitive strategy. Today it is on the verge of beating Toyota to become the market leader.


Ford Motor Company. (2011a) “Ford’s Electrified Vehicle Portfolio Brings Expanded Choice

Way-Trajectories and Industrial Models of the World’s Automobile Producers.” Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Klier, Thomas; Rubenstein, James. (2008) “Who Really Made Your Car? Restructuring and Geographic Change in the Auto Industry.” W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research: Kalamazoo, MI.

Meyer, Stephen. (1981) “The Five Dollar Day: Labor Management and Social Control in the Ford Motor Company, 1908-1921.” State University of New York Press: Albany, NY.

N.A. (2011) “Ford Motor Company NYSE; Cyclical Consumer Goods & Services/Auto & Truck Manufacturers” New York Times,

Studer-Noguez, Isabel. (2002) “Ford and the Global Strategies of Multinationals: The North

American Auto Industry.” Routledge: London.

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Grade Birdie
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Very good job
Customer 452787, September 24th, 2021
Customer 452619, March 22nd, 2021
Excellent !!!
Customer 452875, November 18th, 2021
Medical Biochemistry
Great work and on time. Thanks
Customer 453269, June 15th, 2022
The Essay is awesome. I would like to have an outline written up if possible
Customer 452537, November 16th, 2020
Amazing work!
Customer 453503, June 2nd, 2022
Medical Biochemistry
Great work and on time. Thanks again.
Customer 453269, June 22nd, 2022
Religious studies
excellent writer
Customer 453599, August 10th, 2022
thank you!
Customer 453445, May 12th, 2022
Thanks for the assistance! Fingers crossed...
Customer 453207, March 21st, 2022
Community Health Nursing
Great work and on time
Customer 453269, July 25th, 2022
excellent work as always
Customer 452927, February 27th, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
error: Content is protected !!
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code BIRDIE